There are countless research studies, books and thought leadership discussions about productive struggle, grit, perseverance, and the importance of students believing that they can solve any problem they encounter, both in the classroom, and in the world outside of it. And yet, the primary focus for rigorous studies continues to be state standardized math test scores. Which is why this particular study is so important, and more studies like this are so needed.
The Rutherford et al report itself stated that measuring the success of edtech programs by test scores alone is not enough, acknowledging that “researchers must understand the mechanisms through which these programs work.”
The study included all second through fifth grade students at 52 southern California schools, each with high percentages of English learners (ELs) and students qualifying for free or reduced lunch. Grades using ST Math were compared to students in the same grades with similar demographics that were not using ST Math.
The study found:
Students who used ST Math had higher self-beliefs than students in the control group, and that self-beliefs were associated with positive changes in mathematics achievement.
ST Math’s impact on students’ self-beliefs was strongest for students who started with low mathematics scores.
So, for those students who were behind in math, their self-beliefs were even more positively impacted.
Effect Size of ST Math on Student Self Beliefs
Students who believe they can accomplish a task are more likely to invest time and effort in working toward this accomplishment, even in the face of difficulty.
- Rutherford et al, Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 2019
Self-Beliefs and Mathematics
We know that student mindsets are critical to student success, and that the definition of student success is expanding. There is a growing body of research studies, books and thought leadership discussions about productive struggle, grit, perseverance, and the importance of students believing that they can solve any problem they encounter, both in the classroom, and in the world outside of it.
When it comes to mathematics, struggle can make a profound difference for students. In a recent EdSurge article, “Why Struggle Is Essential for the Brain — and Our Lives,” professor and author Jo Boaler describes a student whose “standardized test score in mathematics improved by 450 percent after 18 struggle filled lessons.” At MIND, we have talked extensively about productive struggle and the importance of mathematical rigor. Both are part of the ST Math learning model, which helps students understand math concepts through productive struggle and experiential problem-solving.
We cannot achieve anything creative without being comfortable with mistakes and struggle.
Academic success is dependent on cognitive, social, and emotional skills. These domains are deeply intertwined and mutually reinforcing therefore, the practice of social emotional learning and academics in isolation of one another is out of alignment with how humans naturally learn and develop.
- Excerpt from Optimizing EdTech for an Expanded Definition of Student Success (2020)
Designed to Empower Students
At MIND Research Institute, we believe every student has the potential to deeply understand, and truly love math. This belief drives all of us—researchers, educators, mathematicians, game designers—to make ST Math the best program it can be. ST Math:
¹ The research was supported in part by grants from the Institute of Education Sciences to the University of California, Irvine (Grant R305A090527), and based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship(Grant DGE-0808392).
Brian LeTendre is the Director of Impact Advancement at MIND Research Institute. In addition to building thought leadership and brand awareness for MIND, Brian work cross-functionally internally and externally to amplify MIND's social impact and accelerate our mission. He is an author, podcaster and avid gamer.